Total Knee Replacement
TKR stands for Total Knee Replacement. It is a surgical procedure that involves replacing a damaged or worn-out knee joint with an artificial implant. The surgery is typically done to alleviate severe pain and improve mobility in patients who have osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or other types of degenerative joint disease.
During the surgery, the damaged portions of the knee joint are removed and replaced with metal and plastic components that mimic the natural movement of the knee joint. The procedure may be performed under general or regional anesthesia, and typically requires a hospital stay of several days, followed by several weeks of physical therapy and rehabilitation.
TKR surgery is a common and effective treatment for patients with severe knee pain and mobility problems. However, like any surgery, it carries some risks, such as infection, blood clots, and nerve damage. Patients should discuss the risks and benefits of TKR surgery with their doctor to determine if it is the right option for them.
What are several tests involved in TKR
Before a Total Knee Replacement (TKR) surgery is performed, several tests may be conducted to assess the patient’s overall health and the extent of the damage to the knee joint. Here are some tests that may be involved in TKR:
- Physical examination: The surgeon will perform a physical examination of the knee joint to assess the range of motion, stability, and strength of the knee.
- X-rays: X-rays may be taken to assess the extent of damage to the knee joint and to help the surgeon plan the surgery.
- MRI: An MRI may be ordered to obtain detailed images of the knee joint and to assess the condition of the soft tissues, such as ligaments and tendons.
- Blood tests: Blood tests may be ordered to check for infections, anemia, or other conditions that could affect the surgery or recovery.
- ECG (Electrocardiogram): ECG may be ordered to evaluate the health of the patient’s heart.
- Pulmonary function tests: Pulmonary function tests may be ordered to evaluate the patient’s lung function.
These tests will help the surgeon determine if the patient is a suitable candidate for TKR surgery and to plan the surgery to achieve the best possible outcome.
What is the procedure for TKR
The procedure for Total Knee Replacement (TKR) surgery typically involves the following steps:
- Anesthesia: The patient is given general anesthesia or regional anesthesia to numb the lower half of the body.
- Incision: The surgeon makes an incision on the front of the knee to access the damaged joint.
- Resection: The damaged or diseased parts of the knee joint are removed, including the ends of the femur and tibia bones and any damaged cartilage. The surgeon may also remove the posterior cruciate ligament, which helps to stabilize the knee joint.
- Implant placement: The surgeon then attaches metal implants to the ends of the femur and tibia bones. These implants are designed to mimic the natural shape of the knee joint.
- Spacer placement: A plastic spacer is then placed between the metal implants to help the joint move smoothly.
- Testing: The surgeon tests the new joint to ensure that it moves correctly and that the plastic spacer is the correct size.
- Closure: The incision is closed using stitches or staples, and a sterile dressing is applied.
- Recovery: The patient is taken to a recovery room, where they are monitored closely for any complications. They may be given pain medication and antibiotics to help prevent infection.
After TKR surgery, patients typically undergo a period of physical therapy and rehabilitation to help strengthen the muscles around the knee joint and restore mobility. Recovery time can vary depending on the patient’s age, overall health, and the extent of the surgery, but most patients are able to resume normal activities within a few months.
What are the advantages of Total Knee Replacement
Total Knee Replacement (TKR) surgery can provide several advantages for patients suffering from knee pain and mobility issues due to osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or other conditions affecting the knee joint. Here are some of the advantages of TKR:
- Pain relief: TKR surgery can significantly reduce knee pain and improve quality of life.
- Improved mobility: After the surgery, patients typically experience improved range of motion and better mobility.
- Increased activity level: TKR surgery can allow patients to resume activities they were previously unable to do, such as walking, climbing stairs, and participating in sports.
- Better joint function: The new knee joint is designed to mimic the natural movement of the knee, which can help improve joint function.
- Long-term results: TKR surgery can provide long-term relief from knee pain and improved mobility, with many patients reporting excellent outcomes even 15 to 20 years after the surgery.
While TKR surgery can provide significant benefits for patients, it is important to discuss the risks and benefits of the procedure with a doctor to determine if it is the right option for an individual patient. As with any surgery, TKR carries some risks, including infection, blood clots, and nerve damage, among others.
Best Orthopaedic doctors in Suchitra and Kompally
Discover superior orthopedic care with the leading Orthopaedic doctors in Suchitra and Kompally at Russh Multi Speciality Hospital. Our esteemed team of physicians, renowned for their exceptional expertise and compassionate care, stands as a pillar of excellence in musculoskeletal health. With an unwavering commitment to your well-being, our top-tier Orthopaedic experts offer cutting-edge solutions tailored to your specific needs. From accurate diagnoses to effective treatments, Russh ensures your mobility and comfort are paramount. Trust us to provide unparalleled care that addresses your unique orthopedic concerns.
Experience the pinnacle of orthopedic healthcare guided by the best Orthopaedic doctors in Suchitra and Kompally, exclusively at Russh Multi Speciality Hospital.