Understanding Kidney Stones

How to Identify the Kidney stones causes and their symptoms

Kidney stones are a common urological disorder affecting millions of people worldwide. These hard deposits form inside your kidneys and can cause significant pain and discomfort. Understanding the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for kidney stones is crucial for managing this condition effectively.

What Are Kidney Stones?
Kidney stones, or renal calculi, are solid masses made of crystals. They typically form in the kidneys but can develop anywhere along the urinary tract. The stones vary in size, ranging from a grain of sand to a golf ball. Depending on their size and location, they can cause severe pain and complications if left untreated.

Symptoms of Kidney Stones
The symptoms of kidney stones can be quite distinct, often leading individuals to seek medical attention promptly. Common signs include:

  • Severe pain in the back, side, lower abdomen, or groin: The pain often comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity.
  • Blood in the urine: This can make the urine appear pink, red, or brown.
  • Frequent urination: You may feel the need to urinate more often than usual.
  • Painful urination: A burning sensation when urinating.
  • Nausea and vomiting: These symptoms can accompany the pain.

Causes of Kidney Stones
Several factors can contribute to the formation of kidney stones:

  • Dehydration: Not drinking enough water can lead to higher concentrations of substances that form stones.
  • Diet: High intake of protein, sodium, and sugar can increase the risk of some types of kidney stones.
  • Medical conditions: Conditions such as hyperparathyroidism, gout, and urinary tract infections can raise the risk.
  • Genetics: A family history of kidney stones increases your likelihood of developing them.
  • Obesity: Excess body weight can alter the chemical balance in the urine.

Types of Kidney Stones
Understanding the type of kidney stone is important for treatment and prevention:

  • Calcium stones: The most common type, usually in the form of calcium oxalate.
  • Struvite stones: Often form in response to an infection.
  • Uric acid stones: Can form in people who lose too much fluid or those with gout.
  • Cystine stones: These form in people with a hereditary disorder that causes the kidneys to excrete too much cystine.

Treatment Options
Treatment for kidney stones depends on the size and type of stone and the severity of


  • Small stones: Drinking water, pain relievers, and medical therapy can help pass smaller stones.
  • Large stones: Procedures like extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), ureteroscopy, or percutaneous nephrolithotomy might be necessary to break up or remove larger stones.
  • Preventive measures: Dietary changes, medications, and managing underlying conditions can help prevent the recurrence of kidney stones.

Preventing Kidney Stones
Preventing kidney stones involves lifestyle changes and medical management:

  • Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of water throughout the day.
  • Adjust your diet: Reduce sodium, limit animal protein, and increase intake of fruits and vegetables.
  • Monitor calcium intake: Ensure you get enough dietary calcium, but avoid excessive supplements.
  • Medications: Certain medications can help prevent stones in people at high risk.

Russh Hospitals: Leading Multi-Speciality Care in Suchitra and Kompally
When it comes to treating kidney stones and other urological conditions, Russh Hospitals in Suchitra and Kompally stands out as the best multi-speciality hospital in the region. Equipped with state-of-the-art technology and a team of highly skilled specialists, Russh Hospitals offers comprehensive and personalized care for all patients. Their urology department is known for its expertise in diagnosing and treating kidney stones using the latest minimally invasive techniques. Patients benefit from the hospital’s multidisciplinary approach, ensuring they receive the best possible care tailored to their needs. Whether you require emergency treatment or long-term management for kidney stones, Russh Hospitals provides unparalleled medical services in a compassionate and patient-centric environment